News & Information

Client Alerts — Law Enforcement


September 27, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 30 A REVIEW OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS SAFETY ACT AND RECENT CASE DEVELOPMENTS

The Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (“LEOSA”) is a federal law that was enacted in 2004 which is set forth in 18 U.S.C. Sections 926B and 926C. Generally, LEOSA provides that active and retired law enforcement officers who meet certain criteria may carry a concealed firearm, with certain restrictions. Since its enactment, LEOSA has subsequently…

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September 13, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 29 THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT’S PROHIBITION ON CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT BARS CITY FROM PROSECUTING INDIVIDUALS CRIMINALLY FOR SLEEPING OUTSIDE ON PUBLIC PROPERTY WHEN NO SHELTER AVAILABLE

In Martin v. City of Boise, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 25032 (9th Cir. Sept. 4, 2018), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that a local ordinance violated the Eighth Amendment to the extent that it imposed criminal sanctions against homeless persons for sleeping outdoors, on public property, when they had no alternative shelter access…

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August 22, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 28 MEET AND CONFER DUTY ATTACHES WHERE LOCAL OFFICIAL WITH RESPONSIBILITY OVER LABOR RELATIONS USES POWER OF OFFICE TO LEAD PROMOTION OF BALLOT INITIATIVE AFFECTING PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT TERMS AND CONDITIONS

In Boling v. Public Employment Relations Board, 2018 Cal. LEXIS 5674 (Cal. Aug. 2, 2018), the Supreme Court of California found that a mayor who was the city’s designated bargaining agent and had used the powers and resources of his office to change the terms and conditions of employment by means of a ballot initiative…

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August 17, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 27 PLAINTIFF ENTITLED TO NEW TRIAL WHERE SUBSTANTIAL EVIDENCE SHOWS JAIL OFFICIALS NOT ENTITLED TO DEFERENCE BY JURY ON CONDITIONS OF CONFINEMENT AND EXCESSIVE SEARCH CLAIMS

In a case entitled Shorter v. Baca, (9th Cir. 2018) 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 19491, the Ninth Circuit recently determined that jail officials were not entitled to deference by a jury on their decisions concerning conditions of confinement and excessive search claims.  The Court remanded the matter for a new trial. Background Lecia Shorter was…

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August 17, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 26 WARRANTLESS ENTRY BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS INTO AN INHABITED DWELLING DEEMED THE PROXIMATE CAUSE OF THE PLAINTIFFS’ INJURIES SUSTAINED FOLLOWING SHOOTING INCIDENT

On remand from the United States Supreme Court, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held, in Mendez v. Cnty. of L.A., 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 20907 (9th Cir. July 27, 2018), that law enforcement officials’ unlawful entry into a residence – absent a warrant, consent, or exigent circumstances – was the proximate cause of the…

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August 16, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 25 CALIFORNIA SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS PUBLIC AGENCY PURSUIT IMMUNITY ACCORDED BY CALIFORNIA VEHICLE CODE SECTION 17004.7

On August 13, 2018, the Supreme Court of California held, in Ramirez v. City of Gardena, that a public agency’s pursuit policy must have California Vehicle Code section 17004.7’s written certification requirement, but 100 percent compliance with that requirement was not a prerequisite to receiving immunity for damages resulting from a vehicle pursuit. The Court’s…

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August 2, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 24 OFFICERS HAD REASONABLE SUSPICION TO BELIEVE THAT SUSPECT WAS ENGAGED IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITY UNDER THE TOTALITY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES

In a decision entitled United States v. Luckett, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 18456 (9th Cir. July 6, 2018), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the denial of a defendant’s motion to suppress evidence because police had reasonable suspicion under the totality of the circumstances that defendant was engaged in criminal conduct.  Though each of…

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July 27, 2018

Vol. 33 No. 23 POBRA STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ACCRUAL DATE NOT APPLICABLE AT THE POINT IN TIME WHEN A SENIOR OFFICER, WHO WAS NOT A PERSON “AUTHORIZED TO INITIATE AN INVESTIGATION”, RECEIVED EVIDENCE OF MISCONDUCT

In Daugherty v. City and County of San Francisco, 24 Cal. App. 5th 928 (1st Dist. 2018), published in July 2018, the California First District Court of Appeal found disciplinary charges were timely where a senior officer aware of officer misconduct was not deemed “a person authorized to initiate an investigation.”  Alternatively, the Court also…

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