News & Information

Client Alerts — Law Enforcement February 4, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 6 COLLECTION OF DEFENDANT’S DNA SAMPLE WAS UNLAWFUL UNDER THE FOURTH AMENDMENT BECAUSE PROSECUTION FAILED TO PROVE THAT HIS DNA WAS COLLECTED AS PART OF A ROUTINE BOOKING PROCEDURE

In the case of People v. Marquez, 2019 Cal. App. LEXIS 48 (4th Dist. Jan. 15, 2019), the California Fourth District Court of Appeal held that the 2006 collection of Daniel Joseph Marquez’s DNA sample was unlawful under the Fourth Amendment, but also concluded that the trial court properly admitted 2008 DNA evidence from a…

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Client Alerts — Law Enforcement January 30, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 5 EXIGENT CIRCUMSTANCE OF INMATE DISTURBANCES AND LOCKDOWNS JUSTIFIED JAIL OFFICIALS’ DENYING PRETRIAL DETAINEE PLAINTIFF A BED AS OFFICIALS WERE PRIORITIZING SECURITY NEEDS

On January 11, 2019 in the case of Olivier v. Baca, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 1019 (9th Cir. Jan. 11, 2019), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that the exigent circumstance of inmate disturbances and lockdowns justified denying a plaintiff a bed for his three-and-a-half day stay at the inmate processing center. Background In…

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Client Alerts — Law Enforcement January 30, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 4 SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST MAY OCCUR PRIOR TO ARREST IF PROBABLE CAUSE EXISTS, EVEN WHERE THE CRIME FOR WHICH PROBABLE CAUSE EXISTED IS DIFFERENT FROM CRIME OF SUBSEQUENT ARREST

On January 9, 2019, in the case of United States v. Johnson, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 640 (9th Cir. Jan. 9, 2019), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that a search incident to a lawful arrest, that occurred before the arrest itself, was permissible if probable cause existed. The Court further noted that the…

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Client Alerts — Law Enforcement January 25, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 3 BUREAU OF PRISONS STATUTE PROHIBITING THE MAILING OF THREATENING LETTERS WHILE IMPRISONED IS NOT UNCONSTITUTIONALLY VAGUE AND IS SUFFICIENTLY NARROW TO ENCOMPASS UNTRUTHFUL THREATS

On December 20, 2018, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decided two related cases involving a Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) regulation governing threats made by prison inmates. BOP Prohibited Acts Code 203 (“Code 203”) prohibits prisoners from “[t]hreatening another with bodily harm or any other offense.” (28 C.F.R. section 541.3.)  The BOP accused Mark Alan…

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Client Alerts — Law Enforcement January 16, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 2 SUPREME COURT REVERSES THE NINTH CIRCUIT, AGAIN, ON THE ISSUE OF QUALIFIED IMMUNITY

In a stunning, yet not surprising decision, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on January 7, 2019 on the issue of qualified immunity involving a use of force encounter in the case entitled City of Escondido, et al. v. Marty Emmons.  The Emmons case involved an incident that…

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Client Alerts — Law Enforcement January 8, 2019

Vol. 34 No. 1 CALIFORNIA DOJ PROMULGATES GUIDELINES REGARDING RETENTION REQUIREMENTS FOR RECORDS PURSUANT TO SENATE BILL 1421

On January 3, 2019, the Division of Law Enforcement of the California Department of Justice released an information bulletin pertaining to the preservation of peace officer and custodial officer records. The bulletin notified all state law enforcement agencies of guidelines regarding retention requirements pursuant to changes due to Senate Bill 1421 (“SB 1421”). The California…

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Municipal Law Updates December 6, 2018

New Law Treats Microenterprise Home Kitchen Operations like Retail Food Establishments for Health and Sanitation Standards Enforcement

I. SUMMARY Effective January 1, 2019, Assembly Bill 626 (“AB 626”) expands the scope of retail food sanitation standards to include “microenterprise home kitchen operations.” Similarly, Assembly Bill 2178 (“AB 2178”) applies food sanitation standards to “limited service charitable feeding operations.” While cities have discretion to authorize or prohibit the permitting of microenterprise home kitchen…

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Municipal Law Updates December 6, 2018

New Law Authorizes Affordable Housing Authorities to Construct Emergency Shelters, Supportive Housing & Transitional Housing

I. SUMMARY The passage of Assembly Bill (“AB 1598”) in 2017 authorized cities to create Affordable Housing Authorities. Funded by tax-increment financing, these Affordable Housing Authorities were given power to provide affordable housing and affordable workforce housing and are distinct from other housing authorities with broader purposes. Recently, the Governor signed into law Assembly Bill…

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